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2009年英语专业八级真题听力 Mini-lecture(3)

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If you find this difficult to do,

如果你觉得这很难做到,
then a useful approach is to write the report as if it would be read by someone you know who is intelligent but unknowledgeable about your subject.
那么有一种很有用的方法你可以试一试,写报告的时候假定你的读者是你认识的很聪明的人,但是对你的主题不太了解。
A friend of yours, say. Write it as if this person were going to have to read and understand it.
比如你的好朋友。假定这个人必须要读懂你的报告。
Indeed, it is a good idea, if you can, to get just such a person to read your report before handing it in.
其实,如果能在交报告之前找到一个这样的人读一下是非常不错的。
The demands and expectations placed upon you will of course, vary with your experience of report writing.
对你的要求和期望当然也会在写作实验报告的不同阶段有所变化。
Early on in your study, as an author of experimental reports, less will be expected of you than later.
在你的早期研究中,你是实验报告的作者,对你的期望没有研究后期那么多。
At this early stage, you will be expected mainly to show that you understand what you did in your report and its implications,
在这个早期阶段,你应该重点展示的是,你了解自己在报告中所做的工作以及它的含义,
together with evidence that you have, at least a basic grasp of the demands of the report's format.
还有你搜集的数据,至少要展示出你对报告的格式基本掌握。
Later on, however, you will be expected to pay more attention to this research significance of what you did.
不过,之后你就应该更关注你做的研究本身的意义了。
The "why you did it" part will become more important because in being responsible for the choice of topic and design, you will be expected to be able to justify this choice.
这样研究的原因部分就更重要了,因为你要对选择的主题和研究设计负责,就要为做出的选择找到合适的理由。
So you must be able to tell us why it is, that given the options available to you, you decided to conduct your particular study.
所以你必须能够告诉别人,你为什么从诸多选择里选择了你选择的这个研究。
You will need, therefore, to develop the habit of thinking about how the ideas that you're entertaining for your experiment or study will look in the report,
这样你需要养成习惯,经常思考你选择的实验或研究主题在报告里应该如何呈现,
paying particular attention to how they will fit into the part of introduction.
尤其注意在介绍部分如何呈现。
Specific dangers that you must watch out for here are, first, a lack of adequate material to put in the section;
有几点错误应该引起特别注意,第一,缺乏足够的资料充实这一部分;
and second, the undertaking of a project that lacks any research justification, because it is based on assumptions that are contradicted by existing findings in the area.
第二,没有找到合适的实验理由就开始做项目,因为项目基本的假设,与领域中的现有发现相矛盾。
Thinking clearly in advance will help you to avoid making these mistakes.
所以提前想清楚可以帮你避免这些错误。
OK. Today we've had a brief look at the format of an experimental report, what each section is about and some of the basic issues like reader awareness, so on and so forth.
好的。今天我们简单看了一下实验报告的格式,每一部分的主要内容和一些基本问题,如读者意识等。
Next time, we will discuss how to write up the introduction section.
下次,我们会讨论怎么写介绍部分。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
awareness [ə'wɛənis]

想一想再看

n. 认识,意识,了解

联想记忆
X
单词awareness 联想记忆:
a+ware注视+ness→意识,知觉
 
experimental [iks.peri'mentl]

想一想再看

adj. 实验(性)的,试验(性)的

 
justification [.dʒʌstifi'keiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 辩护,证明正当,释罪
[计算机] 对齐

 
adequate ['ædikwit]

想一想再看

adj. 足够的,适当的,能胜任的

联想记忆
X
单词adequate 联想记忆:
ad朝向,equate使平等-足够的
 
evidence ['evidəns]

想一想再看

n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

联想记忆
X
单词evidence 联想记忆:
e出+vid看+ence→[明显的证据]证据,证人
 
specific [spi'sifik]

想一想再看

adj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的
n. 特

联想记忆
X
单词specific 联想记忆:
speci外观+fic带来→带来外观的→具体的
 
approach [ə'prəutʃ]

想一想再看

n. 接近; 途径,方法
v. 靠近,接近,动

联想记忆
X
单词approach 联想记忆:
ap一再,proach接近-靠近
 
available [ə'veiləbl]

想一想再看

adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的

联想记忆
X
单词available 联想记忆:
avail效用。参:availability(n 可用性,实用性)
 
justify ['dʒʌstifai]

想一想再看

vt. 替 ... 辩护,证明 ... 正当

联想记忆
X
单词justify 联想记忆:
源于:just(adj 正义的;公正的)
 
entertaining [entə'teiniŋ]

想一想再看

adj. 引起乐趣的,娱乐性的,令人愉快的 n. 招待,

 


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