W: The word "diversity" has become a cliché in the United States today.
W: It seems to me that nowadays Americans cannot turn on the television or read a newspaper without seeing the word pop up somewhere as a description of American demographic.
W: Then what is this diversity in the U.S.? Today we are very pleased to have Dr. James Johnson here on our talk show. Welcome, Dr. Johnson.
W: Dr. Johnson, we know you have done an extensive research on diversity. So what is...how do you define diversity in the American context?
M: Well, at one time, the U.S. was called "a melting pot", you know, which means that people of many different religions, cultures and races could share their traditional cultural identities and blend into one homogeneous nation.
W: Am I right in saying that a melting pot will emphasize the idea of all in one or being the same?
M: Yes, you may say so. Umm, of course, when the phrase "melting pot" was popular, there was also the idea of being different.
M: But being different then simply meant Catholic as opposed to Protestant, or Irish as opposed to Swedish or Italian.
W: Has the idea of being different changed over the years?
M: Yes, of course.
M: You see today we use the word "diversity" to refer to more visible ethnic differences, Asian American, African American and Latino, for instance.
M: And religious diversity refers to a variety of world religions, not merely different branches of Christianity.