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2013年英语专业八级真题听力 Interview(1)

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Interviewer: Good morning, Mr. West. Nice to have you on our program.

主持人:上午好,韦斯特先生。很高兴你能参加我们的节目。
Interviewee: Good morning.
受访者:上午好。
Interviewer: OK. We all work or very few people can get away with not working. Work is a fact of life when we're adults. But before, there wasn't a lot of choice in the selection of work.
主持人:好。我们都要工作,很少有人能不工作。工作是成年人必须面对的生活现实。但以前,人们择业时选择并不是太多。
Interviewer: Now things are different.
主持人:现在情况不同了。
Interviewer: With greater mobility, the mobility that is offered when people have greater opportunities for higher education or training, more and more people are able to choose the fields that interest them.
主持人:社会流动性增强,这意味着人们接受高等教育或培训的机会越来越多,因此越来越多的人能够选择自己感兴趣的领域。
Interviewer: They can and do have opinions about what makes one job for them better than another job.
主持人:关于哪个工作更适合自己,他们会有自己的想法。
Interviewer: So, Mr. West, what do people actually want from their jobs? What are workers' opinions, you know, about what makes one job better than another?
主持人:那么,韦斯特先生,人们真正想从工作中得到的是什么呢?关于适合自己的工作,人们的具体想法是什么样的?
Interviewee: Well, to answer your questions, I'd like to look at two polls, two surveys. They were both done in the 1990s.
受访者:嗯,我想两项民意调查可以回答你的问题。这两项调查都是在20世纪90年代完成的。
Interviewee: The purposes were to find out what issues or job characteristics were especially important to workers.
受访者:其目的是找出工作的哪些方面或特点对工作者特别重要。
Interviewer: Umm. What were they?
主持人:嗯。是什么?
Interviewee: Some of you might guess that the answer is obvious.
受访者:有些人可能会认为答案是显而易见的。
Interviewer: I think so.
主持人:我想是的。
Interviewee: You might say "oh people just want higher salaries, more money." But let's see if that's true.
受访者:你可能会说:“哦,人们只是想要更高的薪水,更多的钱。”不过我们来看看这是不是真的。
Interviewer: OK.
主持人:好吧。
Interviewee: Now, the first poll. The first poll was taken in 1990, and this poll asked respondents to choose what was the most important to them among five items.
受访者:先看第一次民意调查。第一次民意调查是在1990年进行的,这次民意调查要求受访者从五个选项中选择对他们来说最重要的那一个。
Interviewee: And they were only allowed to choose one out of the five items.
受访者:只能选一项。
Interviewer: So what were the five items?
主持人:那这五个项目是什么?
Interviewee: Alright. The first item was important and meaningful work. The second was high income. The third was chances for advancement, promotion and so on.
受访者:第一项是重要而有意义的工作。第二个是高收入。第三种是晋升之类的机会。
Interviewee: The fourth item was job security, and the fifth was shorter work hours, OK?
受访者:第四个项目是工作保障,第五个是短工时。
Interviewer: It would be interesting to know the survey results.
主持人:调查结果一定很有趣。
Interviewee: Yes, now let me tell you the results. 50% considered important and meaningful work the most important characteristic of a job. They didn't choose high income.
受访者:是的,现在我来告诉你结果。50%的受访者认为重要和有意义的工作是工作最重要的特征。他们没有选择高收入。
Interviewee: Interesting. Anyway, 24% did say high income was the most important characteristic of a job. Of the remaining, 16% said chances for advancement was most important.
受访者:真有趣。24%的人认为高收入是工作最重要的特征。剩下的16%的人认为晋升的机会是最重要的。
Interviewee: Maybe these were younger workers, starting out on a career. 6% said job security and family. 4% said shorter work hours was most important.
受访者:也许这些是年轻的工人,刚刚开始职业生涯。6%的人选择了工作保障和家庭,4%的人认为短工时是最重要的。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
poll [pəul]

想一想再看

n. 投票,民意测验,民意,票数
v. 做民意

 
characteristic [.kæriktə'ristik]

想一想再看

adj. 特有的,典型的
n. 特性,特征,特

 
mobility [məu'biliti]

想一想再看

n. 可动性,变动性,情感不定

联想记忆
X
单词mobility 联想记忆:
mobile(adj 可移动的)
 
security [si'kju:riti]

想一想再看

n. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券

 
characteristics [,kærəktə'ristiks]

想一想再看

n. 特性,特征;特质;特色(characteristi

 
obvious ['ɔbviəs]

想一想再看

adj. 明显的,显然的

联想记忆
X
单词obvious 联想记忆:
ob加强状态+vi道路+ous→就在路上→明显的
 
promotion [prə'məuʃən]

想一想再看

n. 晋升,促进,提升

联想记忆
X
单词promotion 联想记忆:
pro向前+mote动→向前动→促进;提升+ion→促进;升级
 
survey [sə:'vei]

想一想再看

v. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视
n.

 


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