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2012年英语专业八级考试听力真题(MP3+试题答案)

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SECTION A MINI-LECTURE

In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.

Observing Behaviour
People do observation in daily life context for safety or for proper behaviour. However, there are differences in daily-life observation and research observation.

A. Differences
---- daily life observation
-casual
-(1) ________
-dependence on memory
---- research observation
- (2) _________
- careful record keeping

B. Ways to select samples in research
---- time sampling
- systematic: e.g. fixed intervals every hour
- random: fixed intervals but (3) _______
Systematic sampling and random sampling are often used in combination.
---- (4) _______
- definition: selection of different locations
- reason: humans’ or animals’ behaviour (5) ______ across
circumstances
- (6) ______: more objective observations

C. Ways to record behaviour (7) _______
---- observation with intervention
- participant observation: researcher as observer and participant
- field experiment: research (8) ______ over conditions
---- observation without intervention
-purpose: describing behaviour (9) ______
- (10) ______ : no intervention
- researcher: a passive recorder

重点单词   查看全部解释    
limited ['limitid]

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adj. 有限的,被限制的
动词limit的过

 
crawl [krɔ:l]

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vi. 爬行,卑躬屈膝,自由式游泳
n. 爬行

 
participate [pɑ:'tisipeit]

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vt. 分享
vi. 参加,参与

联想记忆
X
单词participate 联想记忆:
parti部分+cip进入+ate→进入一部分→参加,参与
 
outstanding [aut'stændiŋ]

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adj. 突出的,显著的,未支付的

 
cite [sait]

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vt. 引用,引证,举(例)

联想记忆
X
单词cite 联想记忆:
citen传唤,引。
 
interview ['intəvju:]

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n. 接见,会见,面试,面谈
vt. 接见,采

 
collect [kə'lekt]

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v. 收集,聚集
v. 推论

联想记忆
X
单词collect 联想记忆:
col一起+lect选择,收集→收到一起→收集,集中
 
slip [slip]

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v. 滑倒,溜走,疏忽,滑脱
n. 滑倒,溜走

 
expansion [iks'pænʃən]

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n. 扩大,膨胀,扩充

联想记忆
X
单词expansion 联想记忆:
ex出+panse扩展+ion表名词,“动作或状态 ”→扩张
 
disorganized [dis'ɔ:ɡənaizd]

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adj. 无组织的;紊乱的

 


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