手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 口译笔译 > 英汉翻译素材 > 文化与教育 > 正文

《新时代的中国国防》白皮书(6)(中英对照)

来源:可可英语 编辑:villa   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

Safeguarding Interests in Major Security Fields

维护重大安全领域利益
Nuclear capability is the strategic cornerstone to safeguarding national sovereignty and security. China's armed forces strengthen the safety management of nuclear weapons and facilities, maintain the appropriate level of readiness and enhance strategic deterrence capability to protect national strategic security and maintain international strategic stability.
核力量是维护国家主权和安全的战略基石。中国军队严格核武器及相关设施安全管理,保持适度戒备状态,提高战略威慑能力,确保国家战略安全,维护国际战略稳定。
Outer space is a critical domain in international strategic competition. Outer space security provides strategic assurance for national and social development. In the interest of the peaceful use of outer space, China actively participates in international space cooperation, develops relevant technologies and capabilities, advances holistic management of space-based information resources, strengthens space situation awareness, safeguards space assets, and enhances the capacity to safely enter, exit and openly use outer space.
太空是国际战略竞争制高点,太空安全是国家建设和社会发展的战略保障。着眼和平利用太空,中国积极参与国际太空合作,加快发展相应的技术和力量,统筹管理天基信息资源,跟踪掌握太空态势,保卫太空资产安全,提高安全进出、开放利用太空能力。
Cyberspace is a key area for national security, economic growth and social development. Cyber security remains a global challenge and poses a severe threat to China. China's armed forces accelerate the building of their cyberspace capabilities, develop cyber security and defense means, and build cyber defense capabilities consistent with China's international standing and its status as a major cyber country. They reinforce national cyber border defense, and promptly detect and counter network intrusions. They safeguard information and cyber security, and resolutely maintain national cyber sovereignty, information security and social stability.
网络空间是国家安全和经济社会发展的关键领域。网络安全是全球性挑战,也是中国面临的严峻安全威胁。中国军队加快网络空间力量建设,大力发展网络安全防御手段,建设与中国国际地位相称、与网络强国相适应的网络空间防护力量,筑牢国家网络边防,及时发现和抵御网络入侵,保障信息网络安全,坚决捍卫国家网络主权、信息安全和社会稳定。
Countering Terrorism and Maintaining Stability
遂行反恐维稳
China firmly opposes all forms of terrorism and extremism. As mandated by law, China's armed forces participate in operations for maintaining social order, prevent and combat violence and terrorism, safeguard political security and social stability, and secure the public's right to live and work in peace.
中国坚决反对一切形式的恐怖主义、极端主义。中国武装力量依法参加维护社会秩序行动,防范和打击暴力恐怖活动,维护国家政治安全和社会大局稳定,保障人民群众安居乐业。
The PAP fulfills missions such as guarding key targets, on-site security protection, setting check points on key passages, and armed urban patrols. In accordance with the law, the PAP supports civil authorities in law enforcement operations to combat criminal gangs and terrorist activities, actively participates in the maintenance of public order, and prevents and responds to potential threats to China's political security and social order, thus making a significant contribution to the Peaceful China initiative. Since 2012, the PAP has deployed large numbers of troops annually in security duties, counter-terrorism, emergency response, and maritime rights protection and law enforcement. It has completed around 10,000 security assignments during major events such as the G20 Summit, the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting, the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, the BRICS Leaders Meeting, and the SCO Qingdao Summit, and participated in the response to 671 hostage situations, incidents of severe violence, and terrorist attacks. Since 2014, the PAP has assisted the government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in taking out 1,588 violent terrorist gangs and capturing 12,995 terrorists.
武警部队执行重要目标守卫警戒、现场警卫、要道设卡和城市武装巡逻等任务,协同国家机关依法参加执法行动,打击违法犯罪团伙和恐怖主义活动,积极参与社会面防控,着力防范和处置各类危害国家政治安全、社会秩序的隐患,为“平安中国”建设作出重要贡献。2012年以来,每年均动用大量兵力担负执勤安保、反恐处突、海上维权执法等任务,参加二十国集团领导人峰会、亚太经合组织领导人非正式会议、“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛、金砖国家领导人会晤、上海合作组织青岛峰会等警卫安保任务近万起,参与处置劫持人质事件和严重暴力恐怖事件671起。2014年以来,协助新疆维吾尔自治区政府打掉暴力恐怖团伙1588个,抓获暴力恐怖人员12995人。
The PLA supports the civil authorities in maintaining social stability, provides security for major events, and responds to emergencies in accordance with the law. It is mainly tasked with missions such as counter-terrorism, NBCE detection and test, medical relief, and transport support. It disposes of potential safety hazards in the waters and protects security in the air over and around major event venues.
解放军依法协助地方政府维护社会稳定,参加重大安保行动及处置其他各类突发事件,主要承担防范恐怖活动、核生化检测、医疗救援、运输保障、排除水域安全隐患、保卫重大活动举办地和周边地区空中安全等任务。
Protecting China's Overseas Interests
维护海外利益
Overseas interests are a crucial part of China's national interests. One of the missions of China's armed forces is to effectively protect the security and legitimate rights and interests of overseas Chinese people, organizations and institutions.
海外利益是中国国家利益的重要组成部分。有效维护海外中国公民、组织和机构的安全和正当权益,是中国军队担负的任务。
The PLA actively promotes international security and military cooperation and refines relevant mechanisms for protecting China's overseas interests. To address deficiencies in overseas operations and support, it builds far seas forces, develops overseas logistical facilities, and enhances capabilities in accomplishing diversified military tasks. The PLA conducts vessel protection operations, maintains the security of strategic SLOCs, and carries out overseas evacuation and maritime rights protection operations.
中国军队积极推动国际安全和军事合作,完善海外利益保护机制。着眼弥补海外行动和保障能力差距,发展远洋力量,建设海外补给点,增强遂行多样化军事任务能力。实施海上护航,维护海上战略通道安全,遂行海外撤侨、海上维权等行动。
In August 2017, the PLA Djibouti Support Base entered service. The base has provided equipment for the maintenance of four escort task groups, offered medical services for over 100 officers and sailors on board, conducted joint medical exercises with foreign militaries, and donated over 600 teaching aids to local schools.
2017年8月,中国人民解放军驻吉布提保障基地正式投入使用。自开营以来,已为4批次护航编队保障维修器材,为百余名护航官兵提供医疗保障服务,同外军开展联合医疗救援演练等活动,并向当地学校捐赠600余件教学器材。
When the security situation in Yemen deteriorated in March 2015, a PLAN escort task group sailed to the Gulf of Aden, berthed for the first time directly in an engagement area, and evacuated 621 Chinese citizens and 279 foreign citizens from 15 countries including Pakistan, Ethiopia, Singapore, Italy, Poland, Germany, Canada, the UK, India and Japan.
2015年3月,也门安全局势严重恶化,中国海军护航编队赴也门亚丁湾海域,首次直接靠泊交战区域港口,安全撤离621名中国公民和279名来自巴基斯坦、埃塞俄比亚、新加坡、意大利、波兰、德国、加拿大、英国、印度、日本等15个国家的公民。
Participating in Disaster Rescue and Relief
参加抢险救灾
Participating in national development and protecting the public's rights to work in peace are the responsibilities of China's armed forces mandated by the Constitution of the PRC. As stipulated in the Regulations on Participation in Emergency Rescue and Disaster Relief by China's Armed Forces, China's armed forces are mainly tasked with rescuing, transferring and evacuating trapped populations; ensuring the security of important targets; salvaging and transporting important materials; conducting specialized operations such as restoration of transport facilities including roads, bridges and tunnels, maritime search and rescue, NBC rescue, epidemic control and medical relief; eliminating or controlling other major threats, dangerous situations and disasters; and supporting civil authorities in post-disaster reconstruction.
参加国家建设事业、保卫人民和平劳动,是宪法赋予中国武装力量的使命任务。依据《军队参加抢险救灾条例》,中国武装力量主要担负解救、转移或者疏散受困人员,保护重要目标安全,抢救、运送重要物资,参加道路(桥梁、隧道)抢修、海上搜救、核生化救援、疫情控制、医疗救护等专业抢险,排除或者控制其他危重险情、灾情,协助地方人民政府开展灾后重建工作等任务。
Since 2012, the PLA and the PAP have deployed 950,000 soldiers, 1.41 million militia, 190,000 vehicles and items of equipment, and sortied 26,000 vessels and 820 aircraft in emergency response and disaster relief. They have participated in rescue and relief efforts such as the earthquake in Ludian County of Yunnan Province, the rainstorm and flood in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and the removal of the barrier lake in the Yarlung Zangbo River. They have assisted local governments to rescue and transfer over 5 million people, treated over 210,000 patients, transported over 360,000 tons of goods, and reinforced over 3,600 km of levees. In 2017, the PLA Macao Garrison sent 2,631 soldiers and over 160 vehicles to assist the government of Macao Special Administrative Region in its relief efforts in the wake of Typhoon Hato.
2012年以来,解放军和武警部队共出动95万人次、组织民兵141万人次,动用车辆及工程机械19万台次、船艇2.6万艘次、飞机(直升机)820架次参加抢险救灾。先后参加云南鲁甸地震救灾、长江中下游暴雨洪涝灾害抗洪抢险、雅鲁藏布江堰塞湖排险等救灾救援行动,协助地方政府解救、转移安置群众500余万人,巡诊救治病员21万余人次,抢运物资36万余吨,加固堤坝3600余千米。2017年,驻澳门部队出动兵力2631人次,车辆160余台次,协助特别行政区政府开展强台风“天鸽”灾后救援。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
vessel ['vesl]

想一想再看

n. 容器,器皿,船,舰
n. 脉管,血

 
aircraft ['ɛəkrɑ:ft]

想一想再看

n. 飞机

 
response [ri'spɔns]

想一想再看

n. 回答,响应,反应,答复
n. [宗

联想记忆
X
单词response 联想记忆:
re回+spond承诺→承诺回去;respond的名词→回答;答应
 
counter ['kauntə]

想一想再看

n. 计算器,计算者,柜台
[计算机] 计数器

 
disaster [di'zɑ:stə]

想一想再看

n. 灾难

联想记忆
X
单词disaster 联想记忆:
dis反,aster星-星位不正-预示着灾难
 
peaceful ['pi:sfəl]

想一想再看

adj. 安宁的,和平的

 
security [si'kju:riti]

想一想再看

n. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券

 
relevant ['relivənt]

想一想再看

adj. 相关的,切题的,中肯的

联想记忆
X
单词relevant 联想记忆:
re再→lev提高,举起,变轻+ant→再举起→有关的;中肯的
 
contribution [.kɔntri'bju:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 贡献,捐款(赠)

 
severe [si'viə]

想一想再看

adj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的

联想记忆
X
单词severe 联想记忆:
severe的人总是sever
 


新东方中高口译网络课程:试听更多口译网络课程>>

发布评论我来说2句