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《新时代的中国国防》白皮书(5)(中英对照)

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III. Fulfilling the Missions and Tasks of China's Armed Forces in the New Era

三、履行新时代军队使命任务
In the new era, to meet the strategic demands of national security and development, China's armed forces firmly implement the missions and tasks entrusted by the CPC and the people. They endeavor to provide strategic support for consolidating the leadership of the CPC and the socialist system, safeguarding national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, protecting China's overseas interests, and promoting world peace and development.
进入新时代,中国军队依据国家安全和发展战略要求,坚决履行党和人民赋予的使命任务,为巩固中国共产党领导和社会主义制度提供战略支撑,为捍卫国家主权、统一、领土完整提供战略支撑,为维护国家海外利益提供战略支撑,为促进世界和平与发展提供战略支撑。
Safeguarding National Territorial Sovereignty and Maritime Rights and Interests
维护国家领土主权和海洋权益
China has a land border of more than 22,000 km and a coastline of over 18,000 km, China surpasses most of countries in the number of neighboring countries, the length of land border, and the complexity of maritime security. Therefore, it is a daunting task for China to safeguard its territorial sovereignty, maritime rights and interests, and national unity.
中国拥有2.2万多千米陆地边界、1.8万多千米大陆海岸线,是世界上邻国最多、陆地边界最长、海上安全环境十分复杂的国家之一,维护领土主权、海洋权益和国家统一的任务艰巨繁重。
China's armed forces maintain a rigorous guard against encroachment, infiltration, sabotage or harassment so as to safeguard border security and stability. China has signed border cooperation agreements with 9 neighboring countries and set up border meeting mechanisms with 12 countries. China's armed forces have established mechanisms for exchanges with neighboring countries at three levels: national defense ministry, Theater Commands (TCs), and border troops. They conduct regular friendly mutual visits, working meetings, joint patrols and joint exercises targeting transnational crime with their foreign counterparts. They work together with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan to implement the border disarmament treaty. They strive to promote stability and security along the border with India, and take effective measures to create favorable conditions for the peaceful resolution of the Donglang (Doklam) standoff. They enhance control along the border with Afghanistan to guard against the infiltration of terrorists. They strengthen security management along the border with Myanmar, so as to secure stability and public safety in the border areas. Since 2012, China's border troops have completed over 3,300 joint patrols and conducted over 8,100 border meetings with their foreign counterparts. They have cleared mines from 58 square kilometers of land, closed 25 square kilometers of landmine area, and disposed of 170,000 explosive devices such as landmines along the borders with Vietnam and Myanmar.
中国军队严密防范各类蚕食、渗透、破坏和袭扰活动,维护边防安全稳定。中国同周边9个国家签订边防合作协议,同12个国家建立边防会谈会晤机制,构建起国防部、战区、边防部队三级对外交往机制,常态化开展友好互访、工作会谈和联合巡逻执勤、联合打击跨境犯罪演练等活动。同哈萨克斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦、俄罗斯、塔吉克斯坦开展边境裁军履约工作。加强中印方向稳边固防,采取有力措施为和平解决洞朗对峙事件创造有利条件。强化中阿边境管控,严防暴恐分子渗透。加强中缅方向安全管控,维护边境地区安宁和人民安全。2012年以来,中国边防部队同邻国军队共进行3300余次联合巡逻,举行8100余次边防会晤,在中越、中缅方向开展边境扫雷约58平方千米,封围雷场约25平方千米,排除地雷等爆炸物约17万枚。
China's armed forces defend important waters, islands and reefs in the East China Sea, the South China Sea and the Yellow Sea, acquire full situation awareness of adjacent waters, conduct joint rights protection and law enforcement operations, properly handle maritime and air situations, and resolutely respond to security threats, infringements and provocations on the sea. Since 2012, China's armed forces have deployed vessels on over 4,600 maritime security patrols and 72,000 rights protection and law enforcement operations, and safeguarded maritime peace, stability and order.
组织东海、南海、黄海等重要海区和岛礁警戒防卫,掌握周边海上态势,组织海上联合维权执法,妥善处置海空情况,坚决应对海上安全威胁和侵权挑衅行为。2012年以来,组织舰艇警戒巡逻4600余次和维权执法7.2万余次,维护海洋和平安宁和良好秩序。
China's armed forces conduct air defense, reconnaissance and early warning, monitor China's territorial air and peripheral air space, carry out alert patrols and combat takeoff, and effectively respond to emergencies and threats to maintain order and security in the air.
组织空防和对空侦察预警,监视国家领空及周边地区空中动态,组织空中警巡、战斗起飞,有效处置各种空中安全威胁和突发情况,维护空中秩序,维护空防安全。
Aiming at safeguarding national unity, China's armed forces strengthen military preparedness with emphasis on the sea. By sailing ships and flying aircraft around Taiwan, the armed forces send a stern warning to the "Taiwan independence" separatist forces.
着眼捍卫国家统一,加强以海上方向为重点的军事斗争准备,组织舰机“绕岛巡航”,对“台独”分裂势力发出严正警告。
Maintaining Combat Readiness
保持常备不懈的战备状态
Maintaining combat readiness is an important assurance of effective response to security threats and fulfillment of tasks. The Central Military Commission (CMC) and the TCs' joint operations commands perform combat readiness duties strictly, and conduct regular inspections and drills to ensure combat readiness at all times. Consistent efforts are made to improve the capabilities of joint operations command to exercise reliable and efficient command over emergency responses, and to effectively accomplish urgent, tough and dangerous tasks. In 2018, the CMC conducted surprise inspections throughout the armed forces and organized readiness drills for the units, covering 21 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, and parts of the East China Sea and South China Sea.
军队保持战备状态,是有效应对安全威胁、履行使命任务的重要保证。中央军委和战区联合作战指挥机构严格落实战备值班制度,常态组织战备检查、战备拉动,保持随时能战状态,不断提高联合作战指挥能力,稳妥高效指挥处置各类突发情况,有效遂行各种急难险重任务。2018年,中央军委组织全军战备突击检查和部队整建制拉动,行动范围覆盖21个省、自治区、直辖市和东海、南海部分海域。
The PLA and the People's Armed Police Force (PAP) give greater priority to combat readiness. Efforts are made to strictly act on relevant regulations and procedures, fulfill readiness duties, conduct targeted exercises and training, and maintain standardized order, with a view to staying ready to act when required and effectively carrying out readiness (combat) duties.
解放军和武警部队强化战备观念,严格战备制度,加强战备值班执勤,扎实开展战备演练,建立正规战备秩序,保持良好战备状态,有效遂行战备(战斗)值班、巡逻执勤等任务。
Carrying Out Military Training in Real Combat Conditions
开展实战化军事训练
Military training is the basic practice of the armed forces in peacetime. China's armed forces put military training in an important position and take combat effectiveness as the sole and fundamental criterion. In order to enhance realistic training, they optimize the policy framework and criteria in this respect, establish and improve the relevant supervision system, conduct supervision on military training for emergencies and combat across the services, implement the responsibility system for training and readiness, and organize extensive contests and competitions to encourage officers and soldiers to step up military training.
军事训练是和平时期军队的基本实践活动。中国军队坚持把军事训练摆在重要位置,牢固树立战斗力这个唯一的根本的标准,完善军事训练法规和标准体系,建立健全训练监察体系,组织全军应急应战军事训练监察,落实练兵备战工作责任制,开展群众性练兵比武活动,不断提高实战化训练水平。
Military training in real combat conditions across the armed forces is in full swing. Since 2012, China's armed forces have carried out extensive mission-oriented training tailored to the specific needs of different strategic directions and exercises of all services and arms, including 80 joint exercises at and above brigade/division level.
全军兴起大抓实战化军事训练的热潮。2012年以来,全军部队广泛开展各战略方向使命课题针对性训练和各军兵种演训,师旅规模以上联合实兵演习80余场。
The TCs have strengthened their leading role in joint training and organized serial joint exercises codenamed the East, the South, the West, the North and the Central, to improve joint combat capabilities.
各战区强化联合训练主体责任,扎实开展联合训练,结合各战略方向使命任务,组织“东部”“南部”“西部”“北部”“中部”系列联合实兵演习,努力提高联合作战能力。
The PLA Army (PLAA) has organized training competitions and conducted live exercises codenamed Stride and Firepower. The PLA Navy (PLAN) has extended training to the far seas and deployed the aircraft carrier task group for its first far seas combat exercise in the West Pacific. It has organized naval parades in the South China Sea and the waters and airspace near Qingdao, and conducted a series of live force-on-force exercises codenamed Mobility and systematic all-elements exercises. The PLA Air Force (PLAAF) has strengthened systematic and all-airspace training based on operational plans. It has conducted combat patrols in the South China Sea and security patrols in the East China Sea, and operated in the West Pacific. It has completed a series of regular system-vs.-system exercises such as Red Sword. The PLA Rocket Force (PLARF) has organized force-on-force evaluation-oriented training and training based on operational plans at brigade and regiment levels, strengthened training for joint strikes, and completed regular exercises such as Heavenly Sword. The PLA Strategic Support Force (PLASSF) has made active efforts to integrate into the joint operations systems. It has carried out confrontational training in new domains and trained for emergencies and combats. The PLA Joint Logistic Support Force (PLAJLSF) has striven to align itself with the joint operations systems, and conducted exercises such as Joint Logistics Mission 2018. The PAP has developed to meet the requirements of nationwide coverage, effective connectivity, all-area response and integrated functions, and conducted a series of exercises including Guard.
陆军广泛开展军事训练大比武,实施“跨越”“火力”等实兵实装实弹演习。海军拓展远海训练,航母编队首次在西太平洋海域开展远海作战演练,在南海海域和青岛附近海空域举行海上阅兵,组织“机动”系列实兵对抗演习和成体系全要素演习。空军加强体系化实案化全疆域训练,组织南海战巡、东海警巡、前出西太,常态化开展“红剑”等系列体系对抗演习。火箭军组织对抗性检验性训练、整旅整团实案化训练,强化联合火力打击训练,常态化开展“天剑”系列演习。战略支援部队积极融入联合作战体系,扎实开展新型领域对抗演练和应急应战训练。联勤保障部队推进融入联合作战体系,组织“联勤使命-2018”等系列演习演练。武警部队按照覆盖全国、高效联动、全域响应、多能一体的要求,实施“卫士”等系列演习。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
secure [si'kjuə]

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adj. 安全的,牢靠的,稳妥的
vt. 固定

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单词secure 联想记忆:
sc分开+cure→不关心,不担忧→安全的
 
framework ['freimwə:k]

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n. 结构,框架,参照标准,体系

 
criterion [krai'tiəriən]

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n. 标准,准则

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单词criterion 联想记忆:
crit判断,区分,评判-判断的标准
 
border ['bɔ:də]

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n. 边界,边境,边缘
vt. 与 ... 接

 
optimize ['ɔptimaiz]

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vt. 乐观对待,使 ... 完善

 
treaty ['tri:ti]

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n. 条约,协定

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单词treaty 联想记忆:
treat(v 对待;处理;谈判),y-做出处理的文件-条约
 
respond [ris'pɔnd]

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v. 回答,答复,反应,反响,响应
n.

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单词respond 联想记忆:
re回+spond承诺→承诺回去→回答;反应
 
explosive [iks'pləusiv]

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adj. 爆炸(性)的
n. 炸药

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单词explosive 联想记忆:
explose爆炸+ive表名词后缀,“人或物”→炸药
 
response [ri'spɔns]

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n. 回答,响应,反应,答复
n. [宗

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单词response 联想记忆:
re回+spond承诺→承诺回去;respond的名词→回答;答应
 
strategic [strə'ti:dʒik]

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adj. 战略的,重要的,基本的

 


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