手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 在线广播 > VOA慢速英语 > VOA慢速-词汇掌故 > 正文

VOA词汇掌故(翻译+字幕+讲解):我们要时刻严阵以待

来源:可可英语 编辑:liekkas   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
FOv+)GhCzEy68ZcCS1

x5BHf7*R84z+Kro;YmmH

Now, Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English.

5fnSGUk3[m|

On this program, we explore words and expressions that Americans use in everyday conversations.

Zro&MYdvjO&gq0kTjN

Often, some of the most common expressions were first used many years ago, when life in the United States was very different than it is now.

=Vh#(r7sNyk

Today, let's consider the term circle the wagons. A great way to show your loyalty to a group of people is to protect them. One way to do that is to circle the wagons.

0qUn=E0oW^qb

我们要时刻严阵以待.jpg

aUOmBzBJjuLjTUtVNR

"Circle the wagons" or "circle your wagons" means that members of a team or group must work together to protect themselves from some outside danger. Generally, they prepare for a possible attack.

neKNtJ+A6,g9Z

Some language experts say this expression comes from the time when many Americans were moving away from the East Coast to what is now the western United States.

iV]cpfCEuYW6hD

During the 1800s, many settlers traveled west from the East Coast in covered, horse-drawn wagons. At night, or when threatened during the day, the wagons would stop moving. The drivers then would line up all the carriages in a circle. This was a way of protecting the settlers from attack. They would keep their cattle and other animals within the circle.

T=[5u2pdVOzkL,*.6BJP

Although "circle the wagons" was first used in the 19th century, don't let it stop you from using it today.

%%ADC#|Us%x6

You can circle your wagons any time you feel you need to protect the interests of your group: from a sporting events to a political campaign to a project at work.

n-Qdu~1jD(0

Circling your wagons means you are in a defensive position.

AL3SOwhKVGtyTB

Now, if circling your wagons is a way of protecting your group, then a circular firing squad is just the opposite.

)tfsYcgr0P%Woi

A firing squad is one way to carry out an execution. In the military, soldiers form a straight line as they prepare to fire at the prisoner. If the soldiers are in a circle, they would shoot each other. So, a "circular firing squad" is a group that comes together to fight a common enemy or opponent. But in the end, disputes among the group's own members do more damage than the enemy.

Zb()EPY[qgg.

Americans often use this expression when talking about politics. A political party is rarely able to get all of its members to agree on every issue. And when they disagree on big issues, they can sometimes fight amongst themselves.

JXBNH3*j&I=E4(

Some other terms for a circular firing squad are "self-destructive internal conflicts" and "mutual recriminations."

h]UKp8=GYUgHw

"Mutual" describes something that two or more groups or people share or have in common. For example, mutual respect is when people respect each other.

GBfVS.HdScP2+1

A "recrimination" is an angry statement in which you accuse or criticize a person who has accused or criticized you. Children on the playground often use recriminations.

bXx5OrXl4DAiVRN;[!

"You're stupid!"

jhR[;M;fKwd4OP^U=M

"No, I'm not! YOU'RE stupid!"

zX*c(N6fagv1ct1iYtUM

"Am not!"

kRIA+~O+YF_gG

"Are, too!"

HlOVm__Rc,GGs_

Now, let's hear these expressions being used in a short conversation.

t503|Zzt^FgBH~l5Pay

Well, the meeting at work today was ... interesting.

5#HNG5,@UvLc

That's one way to describe it. I call it ... brutal. As soon as the chief said "budget cuts," people started circling their wagons.

%Jx4(;lb#)mxOVAB

That's understandable. If there is going to be less money, she might cancel some projects. So, everyone wants to protect their people and their projects.

vD05uw%Bdy39S

That's true. But we have to remember that we're all working for the same business. Our bigger goal as a company is the same.

hi^5cu&L5TKHw-qB[B

You're right. We don't want to turn into a circular firing squad. Internal disputes are an easy way to destroy the company.

RxZK8v3%*JU_VtI

Yes. And that is exactly what our competition wants.

#6gJ|=liVnNZD-

And that's it for Words and Their Stories.

tb;,7bbqCO^W%~.+;

Hopefully, in work and in life, you circle your wagon more often than get involved in a circular firing squad.

0RBRiK4yw_uNPe]F

I'm Jonathan Evans.

lMR.%1z+dRpgBR

I'm Anna Matteo.

_,_56MaqFu(~N[!0zQNsGFGLIuI5-lA~-u_iNWUp)+&Z5

重点单词   查看全部解释    
accuse [ə'kju:z]

想一想再看

v. 指责,控告,谴责

联想记忆
X
单词accuse 联想记忆:
ac朝向,cuse理由,诉讼-有理由-指责,指控
 
budget ['bʌdʒit]

想一想再看

n. 预算
vt. 编预算,为 ... 做预算

 
campaign [kæm'pein]

想一想再看

n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动
v. 从事运

联想记忆
X
单词campaign 联想记忆:
camp(n 田野,营地),aign名词后缀-营地-备战的地方
 
issue ['iʃju:]

想一想再看

n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
loyalty ['lɔiəlti]

想一想再看

n. 忠诚,忠心

联想记忆
X
单词loyalty 联想记忆:
源于:loyal(adj 忠诚的)
 
internal [in'tə:nəl]

想一想再看

adj. 国内的,内在的,身体内部的

 
statement ['steitmənt]

想一想再看

n. 声明,陈述

联想记忆
X
单词statement 联想记忆:
state站,立+ment→站着说话→声明;陈述
 
execution [.eksi'kju:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 执行,实施,处决
n. 技巧,表演

 
conversation [.kɔnvə'seiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 会话,谈话

联想记忆
X
单词conversation 联想记忆:
con共同+vers转→[两个齿轮对着]一起转→谈话+ation→谈话
 
competition [kɔmpi'tiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 比赛,竞争,竞赛

 

发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习推荐

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    科学美国人60秒

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。