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CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国宪法第三条关注司法体系

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On CNN STUDENT NEWS, there are three things to love about every roll call.
The first today, is Central Cast Middle School.
The squirrels are watching up in North Dakota.
Good to see you all in Castleton. Second is re-education services.
We are glad to have viewers in Perry (ph).
It's a village in the buckeye state of Ohio.
And third, it's in New Orleans, this is the home of the Rams, it's the home of Louisiana's GW Carver Preparatory Academy.
Article Three of the U.S. Constitution discusses the judicial power of the U.S.
Section one says judges shall hold their offices during good behavior, interesting tidbit there.
As far as the jury goes, section two says the trial of all crimes shall be by jury and shall be held in the state where the alleged crime was committed.
But how was the jury chosen?
The idea behind jury selection is to seek a fair and impartial jury.
The reality is, that's only the judge's goal.
What most people won't tell you that the different attorneys, they want to seat the most bias jury they can possibly find?
Bias towards their case.
First, the court actually has to summon jurors to the court house.
That sounds simple, but believe me, it isn't.
In a typical capital case, if a court summon say 300 potential jurors, they are lucky if 100 show up.
And for the most part the judge's main inquiry is based on whatever your preconceived ideas are or what you've heard about this high profile case.
Can you put all that aside?
And render an impartial verdict?
Now, the attorneys are certainly involved.
They can challenge jurors either for cause or using what are called peremptory challenges.
This is a challenge that an attorney can use to strike a juror for any reason at all, but they only get a few of them, so they have to use them wisely.
An interesting point about peremptory challenges.
A lawyer can use them to get rid of a potential juror for any reason, and he doesn't have to explain why.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
academy [ə'kædəmi]

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n. 学院,学术,学会

 
attorney [ə'tə:ni]

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n. (辩护)律师

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X
单词attorney 联想记忆:
at在,torn转,ney读:你-在转你。律师可牛了,要多少钱,你就的交多少钱,叫你作伪证,你就得作伪证,把你弄得团团转的,还不一定解决问题。参:tornado(n 龙卷风)att=at在,orn装饰,ney读:你。在装饰你:律师就是把你装饰成不是罪犯的样子的人。
 
poised [pɔizd]

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adj. 泰然自若的,镇定的;摆好姿势不动的,静止的;平

 
verdict ['və:dikt]

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n. 裁定,定论

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单词verdict 联想记忆:
ver真实,dict说-真实地说-判决
 
inquiry [in'kwaiəri]

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n. 打听,询问,调查,查问
=enquiry

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单词inquiry 联想记忆:
inquire询问+y表名词,加在形容词或以r结尾的单词后→质询
 
trial ['traiəl]

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adj. 尝试性的; 审讯的
n. 尝试,努力

 
summon ['sʌmən]

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vt. 召唤,召集,振奋

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单词summon 联想记忆:
sum下面+mon=warn警告→从下面把人警告[命令]上来→(命令性)召集
 
strike [straik]

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n. 罢工,打击,殴打
v. 打,撞,罢工,划

 
jury ['dʒuəri]

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n. 陪审团,评委会
adj. 临时用的

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单词jury 联想记忆:
jur发誓,法律+y→发誓的人→陪审团
 
render ['rendə]

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vt. 使成为,提供,报答,着色; 执行,实施

 


关键字: CNN 讲解 美国宪法

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