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CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国加州迪士尼乐园麻疹疫情肆虐

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Measles is caused by a virus.
A typical case will start with a mild to moderate fever, runny nose, red eyes and a sore throat.
Then other symptoms may start to appear, including a blotchy body rash and tiny white spots in the mouth.
Complications from the disease can lead to ear infections, pneumonia and diarrhea.
It spreads through the air and is highly contagious.
We're talking a reproduction rate of 12 to 18 people for every person infected.
The current vaccine has been used in the United States since 1968.
Before that, almost all children got it before turning 15.
For every 1,000 children who gets measles, one or two will die from it.
Measles can also cause brain damage.
According to the CDC, the best way to avoid getting measles is to be vaccinated.
The measles, mumps and rubella vaccine isn't 100 percent effective, but most of those who caught the measles in a recent U.S. outbreak had not had the shot.
There are currently more than 120 measles cases in 17 states.
The majority of them are linked to an outbreak at California's Disneyland last December.
A handful, like a recent case in Georgia, are not.
Officials say a baby who arrived in Atlanta from outside the U.S. has the measles.
They're trying to keep it from spreading and that's especially hard with measles, because as you heard, it's incredibly contagious.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
specific [spi'sifik]

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adj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的
n. 特

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X
单词specific 联想记忆:
speci外观+fic带来→带来外观的→具体的
 
virus ['vaiərəs]

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n. 病毒,病原体

 
current ['kʌrənt]

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n. (水、气、电)流,趋势
adj. 流通的

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X
单词current 联想记忆:
currr跑,发生+cnt→跑的→流动的;潮流
 
typical ['tipikəl]

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adj. 典型的,有代表性的,特有的,独特的

 
mild [maild]

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adj. 温和的,柔和的

 
avoid [ə'vɔid]

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vt. 避免,逃避

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单词avoid 联想记忆:
a朝向,void空-空城计-避开
 
effective [i'fektiv]

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adj. 有效的,有影响的

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X
单词effective 联想记忆:
ef出,fect做-做出来的效果
 
majority [mə'dʒɔriti]

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n. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派
n.

 
dissolution [.disə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 分解

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X
单词dissolution 联想记忆:
dis分开+solut松开+ion→溶解;毁灭
 
rash [ræʃ]

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adj. 鲁莽的
n. 疹子,大量

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X
单词rash 联想记忆:
源于:brash(adj 仓促无礼的)r=run,ash灰:跑到灰里去了-鲁莽的
 


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