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CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):关注美国司法体系 浅谈法官自由裁量权

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Time for the Shoutout.
A capoas,interrogatories and prima facie would most likely be discussed in what setting?
If you think you know it,shout it out.
Is it a political debate,design studio,court case or military plan?
You've got three seconds.Go.
These are all common legal terms most likely to come up in court cases.
That's the answer and that's your Shoutout.
We've been exploring some U.S. legal terms and legal processes this year.
How exactly is a jury chosen?
That's answered on our January 30th show.
What is the insanity defense,on our February 12th show.
You can find these in our show archives at cnnstudentnews.com.
Today,we're looking at the juvenile justice system in the US.
Our entire juvenile justice system is based on this concept that neurologically and developmentally,children are different.
In the adult system,the focus is on punishment,retribution,deterrence and separation and safety of the public.
In the juvenile justice system,it's different.
The focus is on the child,on treatment,rehabilitation and supervision.
In some states,depending on the crime,the juvenile lands in adult court automatically.
The judge and the prosecutor don't even have any choice in the matter.
And in those cases,adult courts will have original jurisdiction over particularly awful crimes,like murder or attempted murder.
In other cases in other states,it's discretionary.
The prosecutor has the discretion to try and put the case in adult court.
If you do something really horrific,you don't get the benefit of that system.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
inventory ['invəntri]

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n. 详细目录,存货(清单)
vt. 编制(详

联想记忆
X
单词inventory 联想记忆:
in进+vent走…走进来的东西+ory表名词,指场所等→财产清单,概括
 
rehabilitation [.ri:hə.bili'teiʃən]

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n. 复原

 
horrific [hɔ'rifik]

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adj. 令人毛骨悚然的,可怖的

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X
单词horrific 联想记忆:
horr恐惧+ific表形容词,“产生…的”→可怕的
 
retribution [.retri'bju:ʃən]

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n. 报应,惩罚,报复,报偿

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单词retribution 联想记忆:
re反,tribut给予,ion-反过来给予-报应
 
setting ['setiŋ]

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n. 安装,放置,周围,环境,(为诗等谱写的)乐曲

 
extremely [iks'tri:mli]

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adv. 极其,非常

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单词extremely 联想记忆:
extreme极端的+ly表副词,通常放在形容词后→过分地
 
liquidate ['likwideit]

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vt. 偿付,清算,清除,将 ... 换成现款 vi.

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单词liquidate 联想记忆:
liquid液体…用液体清洗+ate表动词,“做,造成”→清洗;结清
 
automatically [.ɔ:tə'mætikəli]

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adv. 自动地,机械地

 
jury ['dʒuəri]

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n. 陪审团,评委会
adj. 临时用的

联想记忆
X
单词jury 联想记忆:
jur发誓,法律+y→发誓的人→陪审团
 
rubbish ['rʌbiʃ]

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n. 垃圾,废物,废话
v. 贬损

 


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